Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus, sometimes referred to as “water on the brain,” is a condition caused by the accumulation of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in cavities known as ventricles deep within the brain. This condition can happen at any age, but it is more common among infants, toddlers and older adults.

In normal quantities, CSF delivers vital nutrients to the brain and spinal cord, and acts as a mechanism to regulate pressure in these regions. When fluid builds up, however, it can increase pressure to a dangerous degree and cause symptoms including: 
  • Enlargement of the head 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Impaired ability to walk (instability, lack of coordination, muscle stiffness, etc.) 
  • Memory loss 
  • Confusion and irritability 
  • Drowsiness 
  • Nausea and vomiting

Your doctor will complete a neurological exam to assess cognitive function and will likely order imaging tests to get a better look at your condition. Ultrasounds, MRIs and CT scans can help diagnose hydrocephalus and point to an underlying cause.

To drain or divert excess fluid, your neurosurgeon will likely either perform endoscopic third ventriculostomy or insert a shunt. Using a microscopic camera, your neurosurgeon will perform endoscopic third ventriculostomy by making a hole in the affected ventricle to allow excess fluid to drain. A shunt promotes drainage by using a tube to divert fluid so that it flows at the right rate and in the right direction.

For more information about our neurosurgery services or to schedule an appointment at one of our South Jersey facilities, call 1-800-INSPIRA.

Why Choose Inspira?

Exceptional Care Close to Home

With a team of trusted neurosurgeons operating in South Jersey, there’s no need to travel outside of your community to receive cutting-edge care for hydrocephalus. Our surgeons, physicians and nurses bring a wide range of diverse expertise to the operating room, ensuring you get comprehensive neurosurgery services right in your neighborhood.

Minimally Invasive Surgical Techniques

Inspira’s minimally invasive surgical experts specialize in treating spinal, brain and nerve conditions with skilled precision. Our state-of-the-art surgical facilities are equipped with advanced 3D imaging technology, which allows our neurosurgeons to use minimally invasive techniques that reduce pain and scarring, improve surgical outcomes and speed up recovery time.

Multidisciplinary Approach to Treatment

Thanks to Inspira’s integrated provider network, our neurosurgical team is poised to provide personalized, coordinated care. By taking a multidisciplinary approach to treatment, your surgeon will have access to other specialists—from intensivists and hospitalists, to endocrinologists and physical therapists—that will work closely together to diagnose and treat your condition.