Testicular Cancer Treatments There are several kinds of treatments for testicular cancer, including: Surgery. This is done to remove the tumor and the testicle, and possibly lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen. Radiation therapy. This treatment helps to destroy cancer cells or slow the rate of growth. Chemotherapy. These drugs are used to destroy cancer cells throughout the body. High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. These are done to remove stem cells from the patient's or a donor's bone marrow and reinfuse them into the patient to help in the production of healthy blood cells.