Asthma is a common condition affecting millions of adults and children across the country. The disease makes it harder to move air through the lungs, causing symptoms including shortness of breath, chest tightness, coughing or wheezing.
Asthma causes chronic inflammation and swelling in the airways. In addition to narrowing of the bronchial tubes that can interfere with breathing, irritants such as airborne allergens can trigger an asthma attack, closing the airways even more tightly and possibly restricting airflow entirely.
Risk factors for asthma include a family history of allergies or asthma, prenatal exposure to tobacco, tobacco exposure in the home, obesity, allergies and environmental factors like high air pollution.
Although asthma often occurs in childhood, it can often develop in adults. Early symptoms include:
- Chest tightness or discomfort
- Rapid breathing, especially after vigorous activity
- Unexplained or persistent coughing
Asthma Treatment at Inspira
Depending on the severity of the disease, there are a few different options for treating asthma. In mild cases, minimizing your exposure to triggers can reduce symptoms and prevent attacks.
If medical intervention is necessary, your doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid, which slows inflammation in the airways. This medication is traditionally dispensed via a mask or nebulizer for young patients, or a handheld inhaler. Rescue inhalers can be used at the onset of symptoms, and controller inhalers are used on a routine basis to prevent symptoms.